The Global Rise of the Far-Right and its Impact in Canada

Written by Cagri Arslan Edited by Tahira Akbar and Huanan Liao Anyone who does not live under a rock would have noticed a rise in right-wing populism and isolationism in many western democracies. From anti-immigrant groups in Germany and France to Donald Trump’s apparent popularity just south of the border, an increased interest in paleoconservative …

Economic dimensions of the Sovereignty debate in Quebec: the History and the Legacy, featuring Bai Chao Chen and Hugo St-Pierre

Written by Bhromor Rahman Where the question of sovereignty and nationalism is concerned in Quebec, the discourse is mostly centered around the social, political and cultural dimensions. However, the question that is explored in this podcast is ”Why did Toronto supplant Montreal as the Canadian economic hub in the 70s and 80s?” To that effect, …

Bai Chao Chen: Why the GA on Friday is the critical turning point for the MSU

Written by Bai Chao Chen Edited by Anson Yeh General contextOn April 8th, 2021, Feiyang Xin started a petition against in-person final exams and posted it on the Marianopolis Student Union’s Facebook group. The petition garnered the required 200 signatures for a General Assembly by the MSU Congress. Students will be called to vote on …

Big Chungus Is Now Looney Tunes Canon

Elmer, Daffy Duck, Bugs Bunny and more! Was Looney Tunes a staple of your childhood? On March 31st, the Looney Tunes World of Mayhem Youtube channel officially announced the release of their new character, Big Chungus, making the meme character part of the canon of the Looney Tunes universe. Here is the announcement video. What …

Emma Rodriguez: Canada’s Healthcare system is racist

Written by Emma RodriguezEdited by Bhromor Rahman In September 2020, Joyce Echaquan, mother of 7 from the Atikamekw Nation in southwestern Quebec, went to a Joliette hospital to be treated for stomach pains. Instead of receiving proper care, hospital staff berated her; calling her stupid, saying she was good only for sex, and would be …

Ze Yuan Fu: Welcome to Wall Street!

Written by Ze Yuan Fu, BEng. Comp Eng, McGill University Faculty of Engineering Edited by Bhromor Rahman, MWR Editor-in-chief Editor’s note: Ze Yuan Fu is not a certified fiduciary and cannot be held responsible for any losses the reader may incur should they invest in financial instruments. Always perform due diligence when purchasing financial instruments …

Bai Chao Chen: Quebec’s messy school reopening

Written by Bai Chao Chen Edited by Daniel Yu On Thursday, the 27th of August, 2020, students across Quebec attending francophone schools started returning to class. Students attending anglophone institutions start next week. This is what usually occurs at this time of the year. However, this year is much different from the others due to …

How to Vote in MSU Congress Elections

Written by Edgar Wang
Edited by Etsub Yifru

With the elections coming up, the MWR has decided to post this primer on the voting system used by the MSU Congress. We use the system known as Instant Runoff Voting (IRV) that tries to ensure that everyone’s voice is heard. Understanding our voting system will enable your vote’s power to reach its full potential.

What Is It?

IRV is a voting system that is designed for elections with multiple candidates. Every voter assigns a ranking of the candidates on her or his ballot. The tallying works as follows: every round, for each candidate, they count the number of votes ranking him or her as first among the remaining candidates. Then, the candidate with the least number of votes is eliminated. The following round, those whose first choice was eliminated counts towards the votes of their second choice. This continues until only one candidate remains; the elected candidate.

For example, let’s assume that there are three candidates: Alice (A), Bob (B), and Charlie (C). There are 14 people who vote for, in this respective order, A, B & C, 15 people who vote for B, C & A, 7 people who vote for C, A & B, and 4 people who vote for C, B & A. In the first round, 14 people vote for Alice, 15 people vote for Bob, and 11 people vote for Charlie. Thus, Charlie gets eliminated. In the second round, 14 people vote for Alice in addition to the 7 people who voted C, A & B, which is equal to 21 in total. Bob, on the other hand, has 15 people vote for him in addition to the 4 people who voted C, B & A, which is equal to 19. Thus, Bob gets eliminated and Alice wins.

Why?

There are many advantages to using the IRV system. In short, it promotes large voter turnouts and issue-based voting instead of the cloggy elections involving two or three major parties. Candidates are encouraged to construct coalitions and support each other’s projects, because that increases their chances of being ranked higher alongside a preferred candidate. It gives everyone a fair shot at being elected since voters will be able to rank everyone and not feel like their vote goes to waste if their preferred candidate doesn’t win. It discourages strategically voting against certain candidates.

Tiebreaking

It turns out that tiebreaking in IRV is quite the task. The scheme MSU Congress elections adopt is the Last Round System, which consists of the tied candidate who received the least number of votes in the previous round to be eliminated.

VOTE.

It’s important to rank all the candidates to ensure that your vote counts. A common mistake made by people who don’t understand the IRV system is that they think the ballot is a plurality vote (e.g. the candidate in first place gets 5 points, the candidate in second place gets 4 points, etc.). Voting for only one candidate does nothing ranking all the candidates doesn’t.

Further reading

For those of you who are curious about the mathematics behind this voting system, and would like to understand how and why it could go horribly wrong, you can consult the following link: http://www1.cs.columbia.edu/~unger/articles/irv.html